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ADDIE model

ADDIE model explained and how to implement into an LMS

Before we jump into instructional systems design (ISD), let's first talk about the ADDIE process and its role in the ISD process. ADDIE is a generic step-by-step framework used by instructional trainers, instructional developers, and instructional designers. The purpose of ADDIE is to ensure a structured framework to every course each time they’re created. For example, imagine having a quiz at the beginning of a lesson prior to reading the material, this is just one example that the ADDIE model seeks to avoid.

What ADDIE model does seek to achieve is:

- Learners achieve the overall goal of each course
- Evaluation of what the learner wants
- Development and design of education materials
- Analysis of the overall effectiveness of the training course

So what about instructional systems design, and how does it relate to the ADDIE model? Instructional systems design is a group of instructional design models just like the ADDIE model. However, most instructional design models are a variation of the ADDIE model. Therefore the ADDIE model is still the most widely used model today in training programs.

The ADDIE model has 5 phase of a development process:

A - First, an analysis of needs and objectives are put together.
D - Second is the design phase, where session structure, resources and learning objectives are identified.
D - Third is the development phase, when content is produced and completed.
I - Fourth is the implementation phase, training content is prepared and delivered (typically through an LMS).
E - Fifth stage of the ADDIE is the evaluation phase, which can be a continually ongoing element. This is to make sure all stated goals are being met. If you’re using an LMS you can utilize the LMS reports to greatly assist with this. Most instructional designers use some form of educational technology to deliver their content.

Now that we understand from a high level what each part in the ADDIE model is, let’s look at the model more granularly.

1. Analysis phase

In instructional design, the analysis phase is used to gather relevant data. In order to accomplish their learning objectives- it's important that the instructional designers have all required data before moving to the next step. Typically you’ll want to do a subject matter analysis complete with lesson planning and media.
Questions to consider:

  • Who is the audience and their demographic?
  • What is the behavioral outcome?
  • Are there any existing learning constraints?
  • What are delivery options? (IE a LMS)
  • What are the existing online teaching considerations?
  • Timeline for project completion?
  • What are your curriculum learning outcomes?
  • What is going to be your method of delivery for testing procedures?
  • What assessment instruments and exercises will be used?

2. Design phase

This is the blueprinting phase where the instructional designers create the blueprint for the project with all necessary components. Instructional designers will identify: objectives, construct course content, and finalize the design plan.
Steps involved:

  • Document the design strategy
  • Use instructional strategies
  • Storyboard creation
  • Design user experience and user interface
  • Prototype creation
  • Visual design creation (graphic design creation)

3. Development phase

In this phase a non-designer would be able to see results, everything from design will now be visible as a deliverable. Each element of the course is developed in this phase as per the specification of design including style guide, colors, fonts, graphics etc. Creating a prototype helps in demonstrating the concept well. This allows securing the customer feedback and approval before moving forward with a full development cycle. Development phase also includes running a periodic quality assurance (QA) testing to make sure development meets the design specification and a quality course is being developed to avoid corrections down the road.

4. Implementation phase

This phase is about preparing or setting-up an environment where a course developed as a result of the first four stages can be delivered to learners. This phase also includes conducting necessary training to instructors if they are integral part of the delivery or user experience. In this phase learners begin to see the content in their learning environment. Evaluation and detailed tracking is done to analyze if learning objectives are being met by both the instructor and learner. Typically this is done through educational technology such as an LMS with robust reporting.

5. Evaluation phase

There are two parts to the evaluation phase: Formative and summative. Formative is in all steps of the ADDIE model but the summative phase is at the very end. The purpose of the summative test is to determine if the training reaches the desired outcome and to identify any points that need to be fixed. This is constantly an ongoing improvement to ensure that the learners receive the knowledge and skills they need to reach a desired outcome in a course.


Now that we have discussed the ADDIE model you might be wondering if there are some great tools to help with this. EduBrite is a great delivery platform for your learners, EduBrite is an LMS for both customer training and employee training. EduBrite platform can assist with 3 phases of the ADDIE model: Development phase, implementation phase, and evaluation phase. You can learn more about EduBrite here: thanks for reading!